The Newar, local population of Tibetan-Chinese origin established in the Kathmandu valley, have been strongly influenced by the Indian culture. Their social organization has been transformed when they adopted the Indian castes system.
Probably by the end of the 10th Century, Kathmandu was founded by a Thakuri king. At that time, in the valley, Buddhism and Hinduism were both simultaneously in use.
In the 14th Century, a Malla king reorganized the Newar society and established Bhaktapur, then called Bhagdaon, as new capital of his kingdom.
During more than two centuries, arts and trading strongly developed there.

In 1484, the Malla Empire exploded in several small principalities. The Malla continued to reign in the Kathmandu valley, divided into three separated kingdoms: Kirtipur (Kathmandu), Bhagdaon (Bhaktapur) and Laliutpur (Patan).
This period of times was characterized by the construction of many temples and palaces. For a long time, the three kingdoms competed that way. The Malla kings, being Hinduist, were tolerant with the original inhabitant of the valley being Buddhist.
Using the division between the Malla kings ruling the Kathmandu valley, the Kha created a confederation between approx. twenty kingdoms and principalities. In 1750, understanding the weakness of all of these kingdoms spread in such a vast territory, Prithvi Narayan Shah, ruler of one of the Kha kingdoms, began to unify the Nepal in a large Hinduist country. In 1768, Kathmandu became the capital of Nepal. The other kingdoms collapsed one after the others. The then well established Shah dynasty ruled Nepal until 2008.

With its “History tours”, High Asia Company offers the opportunity for you to discover this story, visiting the main cities of the three Malla kingdoms. With their magnificent sculptures explained by one of our competent guides, the temples express the past history.
Don’t hesitate to contact High Asia Company. You’ll receive a fast answer with some attractive and competitive offer.

Kathmandu, Monkeys temple
Bhaktapur, Palace Golden gate
Bhaktapur, king statue
 Patan palace
Patan, Durbar Square
Patan, Sculpture
 Kathmandu, Durbar Square